Civilian Conservation Corps, Clarendon County, South Carolina


Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal came to the state in March 1933. By the end of that summer, over 400,000 South Carolinians, 25% of the state's population, were on relief, managed by the Federal Emergency Relief Administration.

One of FDR's New Deal relief programs, Emergency Conservation Work, also known as the Civilian Conservation Corps, provided jobs to thousands of unemployed young men and World War I veterans. For their work, the men received housing, meals, and $30 a month. Of that, between $22 and $25 was sent home to their families.

History of the Civilian Conservation Corps

http://www.cccalumni.org/history1.html

A Lasting Legacy: The CCC and SC's State Parks

http://www.state.sc.us/scdah/ccc.htm

Negro Puppet Worker

http://newdeal.feri.org/library/ae88.htm

African Americans in the CCC

http://newdeal.feri.org/aaccc/index.htm

 

Civilian Conservation Corps(National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 35),

http://newdeal.feri.org/aaccc/photos.htm

 

Civilian Conservation Corps Photographs of African American Enrollees

 

Tractor repair Detail, Colored CCC Barracks Doorway, Black CCC

 

 

CCC Youth Refuses To Fan Flies Off Officer; Is Fired

Norfolk Journal and Guide, 13 January 1934: 7.

http://newdeal.feri.org/aaccc/aaccc02.htm

 

A Negro in the CCC, Luther C. Wandall

New Deal Network, Wandall, Luther. "A Negro in the CCC." Crisis 42 (August 1935): 244, 253-254.

  • Jim Crow at Camp Dix
  • We reached Camp Dix about 7:30 that evening. As we rolled up in front of headquarters an officer came out to the bus and told us: "You will double-time as you leave this bus, remove your hat when you hit the door, and when you are asked questions, answer 'Yes, sir,' and 'No, sir.'"
  • And here it was that Mr. James Crow first definitely put in his appearance. When my record was taken at Pier I, a "C" was placed on it. When the busloads were made up at Whitehall street an officer reported as follows: "35, 8 colored." But until now there had been no distinction made.
  • But before we left the bus the officer shouted emphatically: "Colored boys fall out in the rear. The colored from several buses were herded together, and stood in line until after the white boys had been registered and taken to their tents. This seemed to be the established order of procedure at Camp Dix.
  • http://newdeal.feri.org/aaccc/aaccc01.htm

     

    THE WHITE HOUSE
    WASHINGTON

    Fechner—

    In the CCC Camps, where the boys are colored, in the Park Service work, please try to put in colored foremen, not of course in technical work but in the ordinary manual work.

    FDR

    Roosevelt later rescinded the order.

    http://newdeal.feri.org/aaccc/aaccc07.htm

    The names from the CCC data cards for Clarendon County contain the name, home address, county, where accepted, date, allottee, relationship, stationed or sent to, discharged. My index will have only the name of the worker, his allottee, the relationship, date, and where stationed or sent. I was unable to ascertain the race, except for one that was labeled (Colored), however, 250,000 African Americans were enrolled in nearly 150 all-black CCC companies.

     

    Alsbrook , Legare ... Louie Alsbrook ... Father ...

    Anderson , Arthur David ... Arthur Anderson ... Father ... Rock Hill

    Anderson , Earl ... Eddie Anderson ... Father ... Rock Hill

    Anderson , Junius Billy ... Ledell Anderson ... Brother ...

    Anderson , Junius Billy ... Ledell Anderson ... Brother ... Orangeburg December 1941

    Anderson , Ledell ... Arthur Anderson ... Father ...

    Ard , Colan ... Julius Ard ... Father ...

    Ardis , Raymond ... Mrs. J. R. Ardis ... Mother ... Barnwell

    Atkinson , Edgar ... R. N. Atkinson ... Father ... Kingstree July 1934

    Baker , Edward ... Susan Ella Baker ... Mother ... Ft. Moultrie April 1934

    Baker , Heyward ... Charles H. Baker ... Father ... Elloree October 1941

    Baker , Heyward ... Charles H. Baker ... Father ... Vancouver, Wash. January 1941

    Baker , Hugh ... Buland Baker ... Father ... Columbia July 1939

    Ballard , Buck ... Bina Ballard ... Mother ... Witherbee August 1935

    Ballard , Charles Robert ... Blanes Ballard ... Father ... Anderson July 1939

    Barfield , James ... Alice Barfield ... Mother ... Moultrie October 1936

    Barfield , James ... Alice T. Barfield ... Mother ... Chester October 1938

    Barnes , Bennie ... David D. Barnes ... Father ...

    Barnes , Clyde ... D. D. Barnes ... Father ... Aiken June 1935

    Barrett , Elston ... Mrs. C. B. Barret ... Mother ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Barrett , James F. ... Hattie Barrett ... Mother ... Kingstree July 1934

    Barrett , Sammy ... C. B. Barrett ... Mother ...

    Barrineau , Glenn ... Beulah Barrineau ... Mother ... Bishopville July 1940

    Barrineau , Ingram ... Beulah Barrineau ... Mother ... Greenwood April 1935

    Barrineau , Malcolm Ingram ... Beulah Barrineau ... Mother ... Winnsboro October 1938

    Barrow , Joseph Purdy ... J. M. Barrow ... Father ... Bragg October 1936

    Bartlett , Murray ... R. T. Bartlett ... Father ...

    Beard , E. Woodrow ... E. E. Beard ... Father ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Bell , Paul Ervin ... Hoyt S. Bell ... Father ... Vancouver, Wash January 1940

    Bennett , Benjamin ... Richard Bennett ... Father ... Anderson July 1939

    Bennett , James ... Adline Bennett ... Grandmother ... Witherbee August 1935

    Bennett , Walter ... Hariett Bennett ... Mother ... Witherbee October 1939

    Bethune , Lawson ... Beatruce Bethune ... Mother ... Witherbee August 1935

    Bethune , Woodrow ... Iola Bethune ... Mother ... Awendaw August 1935

    Bimicker , Oscar B. ... Daisy L. Bimicker ... Mother ... Ft. Jackson April 1941

    Boseman , Charles ... Minnie Boseman ... Mother ... Manning April 1937

    Boseman , Edward ... Minnie Boseman ... Mother ... Vancouver January 1941

    Bowers , Joe Jr. ... Joe Bowers Sr. ... Father ...

    Bradham , Ebbie O. ... J. D. Bradham ... Father ...

    Bragdon , Willie ... Abel Brogdon ... Father ...

    Brewer , Robert ... Berta Ward ... Mother ...

    Broadway , Martin ... Ms. B. L. Broadway ... Mother ...

    Brock , David ... Florence Brock ... ...

    Brown , Clarence ... Mrs. Lorraine Brown Thornton ... Sister ...

    Bryant , Dargan Scott ... Sallie Bryant ... Mother ...

    Bryant , Harvin ... Lula Bryant ... Mother ...

    Bryant , Liston ... Mrs. C. B. Barrett ... Mother ...

    Bryant , Marion ... Rose Bryant Dyson ... Mother ...

    Bryant , Thomas ... Lula Ann Bryant ... Mother ...

    Bryant , Tommie William ... Lillie Bryant ... Mother ...

    Bryant , Troy ... Lilly Bryant ... Stepmother ...

    Buddin , Alton ... Mrs. M. A. Buddin ... Grandmother ...

    Burgess , Norrel ... Annadell Burgess ... Mother ...

    Bush , John Edward ... Custis C. Bush ... Father ...

    Cannon , Fred ... Everline Mims ... Mother ...

    Canty , Eugene ... Neice Canty ... Father ... Elloree October 1941

    Carter , Sulton ... Carolyn Carter ... Nother ... Witherbee October 1939

    Castine , Thomas LeRoy ... Ms. Ida Castine ... Aunt ... Moultrie April 1934

    Chandler , Clyde Birdell ... Mamie G. Anderson ... Mother ... Cheraw January 1941

    Chandler , Thomas Wilbur ... Mamie G. Anderson ... Mother ... Chester

    Chavis , Louie ... Mrs. A. O. Chavis ... Mother ... Moultrie

    Chewning , Ernest Dickson ... John Chewning ... Brother ...

    Chewning , Ernest Dickson ... Reginald Chewning ... First Cousin ... Elloree February 1941

    Chewning , John North ... Ms. Mattie Chewning ... Aunt ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Clark , Eugene D. ... Mrs. Johnnie Clark ... Mother ... Newberry

    Clyburn , Harold ... Pauline Clyburn ... Mother ... Hardeeville

    Coker , Blonzo ... A. E. Coker ... Mother ... Moultrie

    Coker , Early ... Mrs. R. T. Coker ... Aunt ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Coker , Guye B. ... Sam Coker ... Father ... Bishopville

    Coker , James ... M. C. (Maggie) Driggers ... Sister ... Bragg October 1936

    Coker , Woodrow ... Ellen Coker ... Mother ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Collins , Barney E. Jr. ... Mrs. B. E. Collins Sr. ... Mother ... Bishopville July 1940

    Collins , Barney E. Jr. ... Mrs. B. E. Collins Sr. ... Mother ... Elloree October 1941

    Collins , LeRoy ... Mrs. B. E. Collins ... Mother ...

    Collins , LeRoy ... Mrs. B. E. Collins ... Mother ... Liberty

    Conyers , Willie ... Rebecca Conyers ... Mother ... Awendaw August 1935

    Corbett , Donald ... Olivia Corbett ... Mother ... Kingstree July 1934

    Corbett , Lorin ... Lizzie Corbett ... Mother ... Barnwell July 1935

    Corbett , Wesley ... W. P. Corbett ... Grandfather ... Liberty

    Coulliette , James Howe ... O. H. Coulliette ... Mother ...

    Coulliette , William ... George H. Coulliette ... Father ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Cubbage , David ... Ola Cubbage ... Mother ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Cutter , Hampton ... Lizzie Cutter ... Mother ... Greenville July 1936

    Cutter , Harold ... Mrs. L. W. Cutter ... Mother ... Columbia July 1940

    Cutter , Leslie ... Mrs. Neely Cutter ... Mother ... Greenville July 1936

    Cutter , T. J. ... Mrs. T. J. Cutter ... Mother ... Ft. Bragg October 1936

    Cutter , Theodore J. ... Mrs. T. J. Cutter ... Mother ... Liberty

    Dalls , James ... ?Lawrence Dallas ... Father ...

    Davis , Carlyle ... Bernice Davis ... Brother ... Florence April 1937

    Davis , Willie Lee ... Leslie Davis ... Father ... Awendaw August 1935

    Dickson , Plowden ... Mrs. Mamie Dickson ... Mother ... Barnwell July 1935

    Dickson , Tomie ... Crissie Dickson ... Mother ... Witherbee

    Dingle , Elliott ... Julia Dingle ... Mother ... Hardeeville

    Dingle , Enoch ... Julia Dingle ... Mother ... Newberry July 1941

    Dingle , James William ... William Dingle ... Father ... Witherbee April 1941

    Disher , O'Neal ... Ida Disher ... Mother ...

    Disher , Richard ... Ida Disher ... Mother ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Dixon , Learnest ... Hester Dixon ... Mother ... Elloree December 1941

    Doughty , Willie (colored) ... ... ... July 1934

    Driggers , Eugene ... William Driggers ... Father ... Ft. Moultrie

    Driggers , William C. ... Luther Driggers ... Father ... Bishopville October 1940

    DuBose , Allen ... Marjorie DuBose ... Mother ... Barnwell July 1935

    DuBose , Carl C. ... Hattie D. Veason ... Mother ... Vancouver, Wash January 1941

    Dubose , Smith ... Lottie DuBose ... Mother ... Kingstree July 1934

    Dukes , Bernie ... Ida Dukes ... Mother ... Elloree December 1941

    Dukes , Douglas ... Pink Dukes ... Mother ... Elloree December 1941

    Dukes , Julius ... Ida Dukes ... Mother ... Witherbee

    Dupre , David ... George Dupre ... Father ... July 1940

    Dyson , J. Elbert ... J. Allie Dyson ... Father ...

    Dyson , Lawrence ... Carrie Dyson ... Mother ... Fort Bragg

    Evans , Archie ... Lucille Evans (Warren) ... Mother ... Fort Bragg

    Evans , Dudey ... William Evans ... Father ... Newberry May 1936

    Evans , James Terrel ... Tena Evans ... Mother ... Kingstree July 1934

    Evans , Osteen ... W. Evans ... Father ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Felder , Charles Lee ... Tom Felder ... Father ... July 1940

    Felder , Harry Lee ... Julia Felder ... Mother ...

    Felder , Leroy ... Joe Felder ... Father ...

    Fields , Willie ... Carrie Fields ... Mother ...

    Fleming , Abraham ... Bertha Fleming ... Mother ... Hardeeville

    Fleming , Appelt ... Annie Fleming ... ... Easley

    Fleming , Lee ... Agnes Witherspoon ... Mother ...

    Flemming , Lee ... Sam Witherspoon ... Step-father ... Witherbee August 1935

    Floyd , Bethea ... Clara Floyd c/o Fred Thomas ... Mother ... Bishopville April 1940

    Floyd , Dewey ... Edith Floyd ... Mother ... Barnwell July 1935

    Floyd , Edison ... Maloney Floyd ... Father ... Barnwell January 1937

    Floyd , Nathan ... Ann Floyd ... Mother ... Greenville July 1935

    Floyd , Pearlie ... Miriam Floyd ... Mother ... Newberry

    Floyd , Tillman ... Marian Floyd ... Mother ... Rock Hill

    Frazier , Woodrow ... Adelle Frazier ... Mother ... Hardeeville

    Frierson , George ... Alice Frierson ... Mother ... Awendaw August 1935

    Frye , McCollum ... Polly Driggers ... Mother ... Walterboro October 1938

    Frye , McCollum ... Polly Driggers ... Mother ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Gardner , Carl McIver ... Sallie Gardner ... Mother ...

    Gayle , John H. ... R. L. Gayle ... Mother ... Fort. Bragg

    Gaymon , Bernice ... Jimmie Gaymon ... Grandfather ... Witherbee

    Geddings , Curtis ... R. A. Geddings ... Mother ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Geddings , Fred ... C. J. Black ... Sister ... Rock Hill

    Geddings , John T. ... Ida Jane Geddings ... Mother ... Elloree October 1941

    Gibson , Freddie ... Phylis Gibson ... Mother ... Newberry July 1941

    Gibson , LaGrande B. ... Maggie Gibson ... Mother ... Bishopville

    Gibson , LeGrande ... B. M. Gibson ... Mother ... Ft. Bragg May 1936

    Gibson , Shelton ... Maggie Gibson ... Mother ... Bishopville January 1940

    Giles , Nathaniel ... Easter Giles ... Mother ... August 1935

    Gordon , Johnnie ... Mary Gordon ... Mother ... Witherbee August 1935

    Gowdy , Earl McSwain ... Ola Kirby ... Sister ... Bishopville October 1940

    Graham , Lawrence ... M. W. Graham ... Mother ... Barnwell July 1935

    Green , Adam ... Pauline Green ... Mother ...

    Green , Guy ... S. W. Green ... Father ... Ft. Moultrie

    Green , James ... Carry Green ... Mother ... Witherbee August 1935

    Green , Lafeight ... Isaac Green ... Foster-father ... Witherbee April 1941

    Green , Ray ... ?? Green ... Mother ... Witherbee April 1905

    Griffin , Allen ... Bessie Griffin ... Mother ... Liberty

    Griffin , James F. ... Lula Griffin ... Mother ... McPherson, Ga. January 1938

    Griffin , James F. ... Lula Griffin ... Mother ... Bishopville January 1939

    Griffin , Jessie ... Bessie Griffin ... Mother ... Aiken June 1935

    Griffin , Jessie O. ... Bessie Griffin ... Mother ... Bishopville

    Griffin , Louis Wilkinson ... Bessie Griffin ... Mother ... Bishopville October 1940

    Haddock , Dick ... Ida Haddock ... Mother ... Rock Hill

    Haley , Ned ... M. A. Haley ... Mother ... Kingstree July 1934

    Hall , Douglas ... W. C. Hall ... Mother ... Barnwell January 1937

    Hardy , Coker ... Maggie Hardy ... Mother ... Rock Hill

    Hardy , Mack ... Dill Hardy ... Father ... Georgetown October 1939

    Henry , Alfred ... Everlener J. Henry ... Mother ... Newberry

    Hickman , J. P. ... Mrs. Ernest Bryant ... Sister ... Fort Bragg October 1936

    Hicks , Robert Charles ... J. D. Hicks ... Mother ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Hicks , Robert Charles ... Mrs. J. D. Hicks ... Mother ... Barnwell July 1935

    Hicks , Ronnie?? ... Rebecca Hicks ... Mother ...

    Hilton , Ferdinand ... C. C. Hilton ... Father ... Witherbee August 1935

    Hilton , Ferdinand ... Wilhelmenia Hilton ... Mother ...

    Hilton , Freddie ... Asbury Hilton ... Father ...

    Hilton , Johnie ... Carrie Hilton ... Mother ... Awendaw August 1935

    Hilton , Moses ... Katie Hilton ... Mother ... Newberry July 1941

    Hodge , A. J. Jr. ... A. J. Sr. Hodge ... Father ... Barnwell July 1935

    Hodge , Clyde ... Sara Jane Hodge ... Mother ...

    Hodge , Doc ... C. Willie Hodge ... Father ... Alcot

    Hodge , Elmo ... C. L. Hodge ... Father ... Barnwell January 1937

    Hodge , Joe ... Julia Nichols ... Aunt ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Hodge , Robert ... A. J. Hodge ... Mother ... Liberty

    Hodge , Wilson ... W. O. Hodge Sr. ... Father ...

    Holladay , Eugene ... Mrs. H. H. Holladay ... Mother ... Aiken June 1935

    Holladay , Harmon ... Tavis Holladay ... Mother ...

    Holladay , Harmon B. ... Mrs. Junius Holladay ... Mother ...

    Holladay , Mitchell ... A. M. Holladay ... Mother ... Rock Hill

    Holladay , Wilson ... Janie Holladay ... Mother ...

    Holladay , Wilson ... S. J. Holladay ... Mother ... Myrtle Beach April 1937

    Holliday , Ernest ... W. H. Holliday ... Father ... Kingstree July 1934

    Holliday , Gippie ... Hummian Holliday ... Mother ... Withersbee

    Hudson?? , Clayton ... John L. Hudson ... Father ... Rock Hill January 1940

    Hunter , Isaac ... Josephine Hunter ... Mother ... Withersbee April 1941

    Hunter , Isiah ... Rosa Hunter ... Mother ... Withersbee April 1941

    Hunter , Samuel ... Rosa Hunter ... Mother ... Withersbee

    James , China ... W. M. James ... Mother ... Hardeeville July 1935

    Johnson , J. O. ... Maedell Johnson ... Mother ... Kingstree July 1934

    Johnson , Lee Ernest ... Preston Johnson ... Father ... Witherbee

    Johnson , Robert ... Pattie Johnson ... Mother ... Elloree October 1941

    Kennedy , Levi ... Allisphine Kennedy ... Mother ... Chester April 1937

    King , Eddie ... Sidney King ... Father ...

    King , Eddie ... Sidney King ... Father ... Withersbee

    King , William ... Sumter King ... Father ...

    Koon , Rembert Ernest ... Mrs. Harvey P. Hodge ... Mother ... Bishopville October 1940

     

     

    Sumter County Civilian Conservation Corp...A - K

    Sumter County Civilian Conservation Corp...L - Y

     

    Clarendon County Civilian Conservation Corp...A - K

    Clarendon County Civilian Conservation Corp...L - Y

     

     


    Last Update: 10/2008
    Web Author: EE Vaughn
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